Stephen Hawking was regarded as one of the most brilliant theoretical physicists in history. Hawking made groundbreaking discoveries in the field of theoretical physics, including insights into sophisticated phenomena like black holes.
here’s all you need to know about Stephen Hawking:
A Challenging Life
British cosmologist Stephen William Hawking was born in England on Jan. 8 1942.
He attended University College, Oxford, where he studied physics. Later Hawking went on to Cambridge to research cosmology, the study of the universe as a whole.
In early 1963 he was diagnosed with ALS (motor neuron disease, more commonly known as Lou Gehrig’s disease or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ) at just 21.
The disease forced Hawking to remain in a wheelchair and depend on a computerized voice system to communicate. According to Live Science, the average life expectancy after an ALS diagnosis is three years, with only 5% living 20 years or more.
Just before his diagnosis, Hawking met Jane Wilde, and the two were married in 1965. The couple had three children before separating. Hawking again married in 1995 but divorced in 2006.
A brilliant mind and Innovative Ideas:
Over the course of his career, Hawking studied the basic laws governing the universe. He proposed that, since the universe boasts a beginning — the Big Bang — it likely will have an ending. Working with fellow cosmologist Roger Penrose, he demonstrated that Albert Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity suggests that space and time began at the birth of the universe and ends within black holes, which implies that Einstein’s theory and quantum theory must be united.
Hawking also proposed that the universe itself has no boundary, much like the Earth. Although the planet is finite, one can travel around it (and through the universe) infinitely.
Hawking was a popular writer. His first book, “A Brief History of Time” was first published in 1988 and became an international bestseller. In it, Hawking aimed to communicate questions about the birth and death of the universe to the layperson.
Hawking went on to write other nonfiction books aimed at nonscientists. These include “A Briefer History of Time,” “The Universe in a Nutshell,” “The Grand Design” and “On the Shoulders of Giants.”
He and his daughter, Lucy Hawking, also created a fictional series of books for middle school children on the creation of the universe, including “George and the Big Bang”
Hawking made several television appearances, including a playing hologram of himself on “Star Trek: The Next Generation” and a cameo on the television show “Big Bang Theory.” PBS presented an educational miniseries titled “Stephen Hawking’s Universe,” which probes the theories of the cosmologist.
In 2014, a movie based on Hawking’s life was released. Called “The Theory of Everything,” the film drew praise from Hawking, who said it made him reflect on his own life. “Although I’m severely disabled, I have been successful in my scientific work,”.
Top Stephen Hawking quotes that inspire you to think bigger:
1. Intelligence is the ability to adapt to change.
2. Life would be tragic if it weren’t funny.
3. I have noticed even people who claim everything is predestined, and that we can do nothing to change it, look before they cross the road.
4. We are just an advanced breed of monkeys on a minor planet of a very average star. But we can understand the Universe. That makes us something very special.
5. My goal is simple. It is a complete understanding of the universe, why it is as it is and why it exists at all.
6. I have no idea. People who boast about their IQ are losers.
7. People won’t have time for you if you are always angry or complaining.
8. We only have to look at ourselves to see how intelligent life might develop into something we wouldn’t want to meet.
9. Women. They are a complete mystery.
10. I’m not afraid of death, but I’m in no hurry to die. I have so much I want to do first.
11. Science is not only a disciple of reason but, also, one of romance and passion.
12. It matters if you just don’t give up.
13. I have hardly ever known a mathematician who was able to reason.
14. If human life were long enough to find the ultimate theory, everything would have been solved by previous generations. Nothing would be left to be discovered.
15. So next time someone complains that you have made a mistake, tell him that may be a good thing. Because without imperfection, neither you nor I would exist.
16. Try to make sense of what you see and wonder about what makes the universe exist. Be curious, and however difficult life may seem, there is always something you can do, and succeed at. It matters that you don’t just give up.
RIP Stephen Hawking
Renowned scientist Stephen Hawking, who is known for his groundbreaking work with black holes and relativity, passed away on Wednesday morning at the age of 76. Stephen Hawking passed away on March 14, 2018, which is celebrated as National Pi Day.
Hawking was hopeful that he would get to travel in space before the end of his life. This was not to come to pass. Even though he never got into space himself, one might say that he brought space to the Earth through his writing.
The number of people who could be said to have changed the world’s thinking is few; Hawking was one of them.